“For by art is created that great Leviathan called a Commonwealth, or State (in Latin, Civitas), which is but an artificial man, though of greater stature and strength than the natural, for whose protection and defence it was intended”.
The above quotation is, in part, an introductory passage from Thomas Hobbes’ magnum opus, The Leviathan or the Matter, Forme and Power of a Common Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil. Throughout this work, Hobbes labors to define the relationship between the people and government. Thus, he added significantly to the foundation of Social Contract theory and those proponents who would later follow.
Following September 11, the Bush Administration took a purely Hobbesian view of the Social Contract theory, impressing upon the citizenry the mortal importance of quashing internal and external threats at all costs. Awestruck by the immensity of this event, the citizenry relinquished their already fading vigilance in hopes of recapturing homeland peace.
On October 26 of that same year, the PATRIOT Act or Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 arrived. In addition, the FISA [or Foreign Intelligence and Surveillance Act] of 1978 was presented as an argument for a free-reign government wherein non-sanctioned surveillance should be conducted. Rule of law determined that previous acts of surveillance fell outside the scope of FISA, so the government responded by passing certain amendments.